Desalination  

Title: Recent advancements in water desalination  

 

With the never-ending stress and scarcity of water resources all over the world and the drastic increase of demand on water, whether it is rapid population growth or industrial revolutions, the need for efficient technologies and big resolutions are sought. Seawater desalination has been progressing quite significantly, especially in arid or semi-arid regions. However, and despite the growth of the desalination market worldwide, desalination technologies are facing several challenges with respect to the variation in water quality, and the stringent regulations and standards. Thermal desalination has been predominant over the past years, nonetheless, membrane based technologies such as reverse osmosis, and other emerging technologies such as membrane distillation, forward osmosis, and capacitive deionization seem to be the future of desalination worldwide. Furthermore, the integration between renewables and desalination has driven many governments and researchers to develop solar/wind/nuclear based processes so as to reduce the overall energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Brine volume minimization is another important aspect of desalination that has been taken into consideration through which several methods have been proposed. This session highlights the recent advancements in desalination processes. Special topics include: 

  • Pressure driven desalination technologies such as MF, UF, NF, FO and RO 

  • Thermal desalination technologies such as MD, MSF, MED 

  • Electricity driven desalination technologies such as ED and CDI 

  • Renewable energy desalination technologies 

  • Hybrid and emerging desalination technologies 

  • Membrane synthesis and characterization 

  • Nanomaterials and membranes 

  • Brine management and brine volume minimization  

  • Data monitoring: Applications of sensors and biosensors 

 

Conveners:

Dr. Shadi W. Hasan, Khalifa University, United Arab Emirates (shadi.hasan@ku.ace.ae)

Dr. Hasan Arafat, Khalifa University, United Arab Emirates (hasan.arafat@ku.ac.ae)