Viruses during wastewater treatment: effective removal technologies and risks associated to exposure within the treatment plants and after disposal
Different types of viruses including coronaviruses are frequently associated with water-, air- and food-borne disease outbreaks. As certain viruses are often shed by infected individuals at high concentrations, they are commonly found in urban wastewater. This session deals with conventional (e.g. tertiary) and advanced wastewater treatment processes for the removal of viruses from urban wastewater. These include, but are not limited to, chemical (e.g. chlorine, monochloramine, peracetic acid, ozone, ferrate, performic acid, and other advanced oxidation processes etc.) as well as physical (e.g. ultraviolet (UV) light, membrane filtration etc.) disinfection processes. Moreover, the session looks to hosting presentations that aim to tackle the risks to humans and to ecosystems, connected with the presence of infectious human-associated viruses within the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) as well as in treated wastewaters intended for reuse purposes, and also after disposal into surface waters. Both fundamental and applied studies are welcome.
Dr. Popi Karaolia, Nireas-International Water Research Center, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Kyriakos Manoli, Nireas-International Water Research Center, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus. E-mail: email@example.com